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Install Kubernetes

Sealos supports installing Kubernetes clusters on amd64 and arm64 architecture machines.


You'll first need to download the Sealos CLI tool. Sealos is a simple Golang binary that can be installed on most Linux operating systems.

Here are some basic installation requirements:

  • Each cluster node should have a unique hostname without underscores.
  • System times must be synchronized across all nodes.
  • The sealos run command must be run on the first master node of the Kubernetes cluster. Installation on nodes outside the cluster is not currently supported.
  • It is recommended to use a clean OS to create the cluster. Do not install Docker manually!
  • Supports most Linux distributions like Ubuntu, CentOS, Rocky Linux.
  • Compatible with all Kubernetes versions available on Docker Hub.
  • Supports Containerd as the container runtime.
  • When installing on public clouds, use private IP addresses.

View Available Cluster Images

All Sealos cluster images are hosted in the cluster-image-docs repository.

You can browse all Sealos images on Docker Hub here:

Use Registry Explorer to view all versions of the Kubernetes cluster images by entering labring/kubernetes and clicking "Submit Query":

This will display all available tags for that image.


Kubernetes cluster stability improves with higher minor version numbers. For example in v1.28.x, x is the minor version. It is recommended to use versions with relatively high minor numbers. Currently, the highest v1.27 version is v1.27.7, while the highest v1.28 version is v1.28.3, so v1.27.7 is recommended. Choose the optimal Kubernetes version based on your needs.

Install Single-Node Kubernetes

# sealos version must >= v4.1.0
$ sealos run labring/kubernetes:v1.27.7 labring/helm:v3.9.4 labring/cilium:v1.13.4 --single

Install Kubernetes Cluster

$ sealos run labring/kubernetes:v1.27.7 labring/helm:v3.9.4 labring/cilium:v1.13.4 \  
--masters,, \
--nodes, -p [your-ssh-passwd]

Note: labring/helm must come before labring/cilium.

Parameter descriptions:

--masters192.168.0.2List of master node IP addresses
--nodes192.168.0.3List of worker node IP addresses
--ssh-passwd[your-ssh-passwd]SSH password
kuberneteslabring/kubernetes:v1.25.0Kubernetes cluster image

Running the above commands directly on clean servers will install a highly available Kubernetes cluster without any extra steps.

Install Various Distributed Apps

sealos run labring/helm:v3.9.4 # Install Helm   

sealos run labring/openebs:v3.9.0 # Install OpenEBS

sealos run labring/minio-operator:v4.5.5 labring/ingress-nginx:4.1.0

This provides highly available apps like Minio without worrying about dependencies.

Add Kubernetes Nodes

Add worker nodes:

$ sealos add --nodes,  

Add master nodes:

$ sealos add --masters,  

Delete Kubernetes Nodes

Delete worker nodes:

$ sealos delete --nodes,  

Delete master nodes:

$ sealos delete --masters,   

Clean Up Kubernetes Cluster

$ sealos reset  

Offline Installation

For offline environments, first import the images - subsequent steps are identical to online installation.

First, export images from an online environment:

$ sealos pull    

$ sealos save -o kubernetes.tar

Import and Install

Copy kubernetes.tar to the offline environment and import it with:

$ sealos load -i kubernetes.tar  

The rest of the installation process is identical to online installation:

$ sealos images # Verify import succeeded   

$ sealos run # Single node

Quick Cluster Install

You can also install Kubernetes by directly running:

$ sealos run kubernetes.tar   

Cluster Image Version Compatibility

Kubernetes Compatibility with Containerd

It's advised to use Containerd as the container runtime interface (CRI) in Kubernetes clusters. Containerd stands out for its lightweight structure and high efficiency, and it's fully compatible with Docker. Kubernetes images that utilize Containerd benefit from enhanced performance and optimized resource usage. Here are the specific supported versions:

Kubernetes VersionRequired Sealos VersionCRI VersionCluster Image Version

The choice of Sealos and CRI versions is dependent on the Kubernetes version in question. For instance, Kubernetes v1.26.0 would require Sealos v4.1.4-rc3 or newer, along with the v1 CRI version.

Kubernetes Compatibility with Docker

Alternatively, Docker can also be used as the container runtime. The following table provides a breakdown of compatible Kubernetes versions with their corresponding Sealos and CRI versions for Docker-based setups:

Kubernetes VersionRequired Sealos VersionCRI VersionCluster Image Version

As with the Containerd setup, the appropriate Sealos and CRI versions must be matched with the specific version of Kubernetes being used. For a Kubernetes v1.26.0 setup, this means selecting Sealos v4.1.4-rc3 or later, and a v1 CRI version.

k3s Compatibility with Containerd

k3s VersionRequired Sealos VersionCluster Image Version


You can choose from a variety of image types and versions to suit your individual needs and preferences. Don't forget to consult the CHANGELOG to stay informed about the latest updates and bug fixes for each version.